When the GST came into existence i.e 01.07.2017, Government has allowed the assessee whether registered or not under old tax regime to claim the credit for already paid tax. For claiming the tax credit GST Registered people has to file the details in form TRANS 1 and TRANS 2. TRAN 1 is used by GST Registered people (registered or not registered under old regime), TRAN 2 is used by GST Registered people not registered under old regime or those who do not have the documents/bills/proof of duty paid on old stock
The option for claiming the tax credit was one time and got extended many times and lastly elapsed in 2020. Now the facility for filing TRAN-1/TRAN-2 or revising the earlier filed TRAN-1/TRAN-2 by an aggrieved registered assessee is again made available by GSTN during the period from 01.10.2022 to 30.11.2022 in terms of order of Hon’ble Supreme Court
The Board has clarified the following points for the applicant for filing TRAN-1/TRAN-2 or revising earlier filed TRAN-1/TRAN-2 for ensuring uniformity in implementation of the directions of Hon‘ble Supreme Court
- The applicant may file declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1/TRAN-2 or revise earlier filed TRAN-1/TRAN-2 duly signed or verified through electronic verification code on the common portal. In cases where the applicant is filing a revised TRAN-1/TRAN-2, a facility for downloading the TRAN-1/TRAN-2 furnished earlier by him will be made available on the common portal.
- The applicant shall at the time of filing or revising the declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1/TRAN-2, also upload on the common portal the pdf copy of a declaration in the format as given in Annexure ‘A’ of this circular. The applicant claiming credit in table 7A of FORM GST TRAN-1 on the basis of Credit Transfer Document (CTD) shall also upload on the common portal the pdf copy of TRANS-3, containing the details in terms of the Notification No. 21/2017-CE (NT) dated 30.06.2017.
- No claim for transitional credit shall be filed in table 5(b) & 5(c) of FORM GST TRAN-1 in respect of such C-Forms, F-Forms and H/I-Forms which have been issued after the due date prescribed for submitting the declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1 i.e. after 27.12.2017.
- Where the applicant files a claim in FORM GST TRAN-2, he shall file the entire claim in one consolidated FORM GST TRAN-2, instead of filing the claim tax period wise as referred to in sub-clause (iii) of clause (b) of sub-rule (4) of rule 117 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017. In such cases, in the column ‘Tax Period’ in FORM GST TRAN-2, the applicant shall mention the last month of the consolidated period for which the claim is being made.
- The applicant shall download a copy of the TRAN-1/TRAN-2 filed on the common portal and submit a self-certified copy of the same, along with declaration in Annexure ‘A’ and copy of TRANS-3, where ever applicable, to the jurisdictional tax officer within 7 days of filing of declaration in FORM TRAN-1/TRAN-2 on the common portal. The applicant shall keep all the requisite documents/records/returns/invoices, in support of his claim of transitional credit, ready for making the same available to the concerned tax officers for verification.
- It is pertinent to mention that the option of filing or revising TRAN-1/TRAN-2 on the common portal during the period from 01.10.2022 to 30.11.2022 is a one-time opportunity for the applicant to either file the said forms, if not filed earlier, or to revise the forms earlier filed. The applicant is required to take utmost care and precaution while filing or revising TRAN-1/TRAN-2 and thoroughly check the details before filing his claim on the common portal. 4.6.1 In this regard, it is clarified that the applicant can edit the details in FORM TRAN-1/ TRAN-2 on the common portal only before clicking the “Submit” button on the portal. The applicant is allowed to modify/edit, add or delete any record in any of the table of the said forms before clicking the ‘Submit’ button. Once “Submit” button is clicked, the form gets frozen, and no further editing of details is allowed. This frozen form would then be required to be filed on the portal using “File” button, with Digital signature certificate (DSC) or an EVC. The applicant shall, therefore, ensure the correctness of all the details in FORM TRAN-1/ TRAN-2 before clicking the “Submit” button. GSTN will issue a detailed advisory in this regard and the applicant may keep the same in consideration while filing the said forms on the portal.
- It is further clarified no further opportunity to again file or revise TRAN-1/TRAN-2, either during this period or subsequently, will be available to him.
- It is clarified that those registered persons, who had successfully filed TRAN-1/TRAN-2 earlier, and who do not require to make any revision in the same, are not required to file/ revise TRAN-1/TRAN-2 during this period from 01.10.2022 to 30.11.2022. In this context, it may further be noted that in such cases where the credit availed by the registered person on the basis of FORM GST TRAN-1/TRAN-2 filed earlier, has either wholly or partly been rejected by the proper officer, the appropriate remedy in such cases is to prefer an appeal against the said order or to pursue alternative remedies available as per law.
Where the adjudication/ appeal proceeding in such cases is pending, the appropriate course would be to pursue the said adjudication/ appeal. In such cases, filing a fresh declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1/TRAN-2, pursuant to the special dispensation being provided vide this circular, is not the appropriate course of action. 5. The declaration in FORM GST TRAN-1/TRAN-2 filed/revised by the applicant will be subjected to necessary verification by the concerned tax officers. The applicant may be required to produce the requisite documents/ records/ returns/ invoices in support of their claim of transitional credit before the concerned tax officers for verification of their claim. After the verification of the claim, the jurisdictional tax officer will pass an appropriate order thereon on merits after granting appropriate reasonable opportunity of being heard to the applicant. The transitional credit allowed as per the order passed by the jurisdictional tax officer will be reflected in the Electronic Credit Ledger of the applicant on the common portal.
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